Armies without Nations: Public Violence and State Formation by Robert H. Holden

By Robert H. Holden

Public violence, a continual function of Latin American existence because the cave in of Iberian rule within the 1820s, has been in particular trendy in important the USA. Robert H. Holden indicates how public violence formed the states that experience ruled Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua. Linking public violence and patrimonial political cultures, he exhibits how the early states improvised their authority through bargaining with armed bands or montoneras. Improvisation persisted into the 20th century because the bands have been steadily outmoded by way of semi-autonomous nationwide armies, and as new brokers of public violence emerged within the type of armed insurgencies and demise squads. global struggle II, Holden argues, set into movement the globalization of public violence. Its such a lot dramatic manifestation in valuable the US was once the surge in U.S. army and police collaboration with the governments of the area, starting with the Lend-Lease application of the Forties and carrying on with in the course of the chilly conflict. even if the scope of public violence had already been confirmed by means of the folk of the relevant American international locations, globalization intensified the violence and inhibited makes an attempt to scale down its scope. Drawing on archival learn in all 5 international locations in addition to within the usa, Holden elaborates the connections one of the nationwide, nearby, and overseas dimensions of public violence. Armies with out Nations crosses the borders of significant American, Latin American, and North American background, offering a version for the examine of worldwide background and politics.

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