News Framing of School Shootings: Journalism and American by Michael McCluskey

By Michael McCluskey

News discourse is helping us comprehend society and the way we reply to tense occasions. News Framing of faculty Shootings: Journalism and American Social Problems presents insights into how we come to appreciate huge societal matters like gun keep watch over, the effect of violent media on young ones, the position of oldsters, and the struggles of young children facing bullying. This ebook evaluates the inside track framing of 11 university shootings within the usa among 1996 and 2012, together with the stressful Columbine and Sandy Hook occasions. Michael McCluskey explores purposes at the back of information assurance styles, together with changes in medium, information viewers political ideology, the effect of political actors and different resources, and the contextual components of every shooting.

Show description

Continue reading "News Framing of School Shootings: Journalism and American by Michael McCluskey"

NMT: Die Nürnberger Militärtribunale zwischen Geschichte, by Kim C.,Stiller,Alexa (eds.) Priemel,Kim C. Priemel,Alexa

By Kim C.,Stiller,Alexa (eds.) Priemel,Kim C. Priemel,Alexa Stiller

Die Verfahren vor den Nürnberger Militärtribunalen (NMT), in denen amerikanische Ankläger die Funktionseliten des "Dritten Reiches" vor Gericht stellten, standen lange Zeit im Schatten des ersten sogenannten Hauptkriegsverbrecherprozesses. Doch der Beitrag, den die Nürnberger Militärtribunale zur historischen und juristischen Aufarbeitung der nationalsozialistischen Herrschaft sowie zur Kodifizierung des Völkerstrafrechts leisteten, warfare und ist von enormer Bedeutung.

In diesem Buch werden die Verfahren und ihre Protagonisten erstmals umfassend untersucht sowie die historischen Kontexte und juristischen Probleme systematisch dargestellt. Auf diese Weise entsteht eine Gesamtschau der Verfahren, die ihren Charakter als politisch-didaktische Prozesse betont und den historisch präzendenzlosen Versuch nachzeichnet, Recht Gerechtigkeit und Geschichte in Einklang zu bringen.

Show description

Continue reading "NMT: Die Nürnberger Militärtribunale zwischen Geschichte, by Kim C.,Stiller,Alexa (eds.) Priemel,Kim C. Priemel,Alexa"

In Honor of Fadime: Murder and Shame by Unni Wikan,Anna Paterson

By Unni Wikan,Anna Paterson

In 2002 younger Fadime Sahindal was once brutally murdered by way of her personal father. She belonged to a family members of Kurdish immigrants who had lived in Sweden for nearly 20 years. yet Fadime’s dating with a guy outdoor in their neighborhood had deeply dishonored her family members, and purely her demise might eliminate the stain. This abhorrent crime stunned the realm, and her identify quickly grew to become a rallying cry within the fight to wrestle so-called honor killings. 

 

Unni Wikan narrates Fadime’s heartbreaking tale via her personal eloquent phrases, in addition to the tales of her father, mom, and sisters. What unfolds is a story of braveness and betrayal, loyalty and love, strength and humiliation, and an almost unfathomable conflict of cultures. regardless of enduring years of threats over her emancipated lifestyles, Fadime recommended compassion for her killers to the top, believing them to be trapped by way of an unyielding code of honor. Wikan places this surprising occasion in context via reading comparable honor killings, that are expanding all through Europe and feature now been pronounced in Canada and the U.S.. She additionally examines the concept that of honor in historic and cross-cultural intensity, concluding that Islam itself isn't really to blame—indeed, honor killings happen throughout non secular and ethnic traditions—but quite the best way that many cultures have resolutely associated honor with violence.

In Honor of Fadime holds profound and well timed insights into Islamic tradition, yet finally the center of this strong ebook is Fadime’s brave and tragic story—and Wikan’s telling of it really is riveting.

Show description

Continue reading "In Honor of Fadime: Murder and Shame by Unni Wikan,Anna Paterson"

Violent Conjunctures in Democratic India (Cambridge Studies by Amrita Basu

By Amrita Basu

This ebook is a pioneering learn of whilst and why Hindu Nationalists have engaged in discrimination and violence opposed to minorities in modern India. Amrita Basu asks why the prevalence and severity of violence differs considerably throughout Indian states, inside states, and during time. opposite to many predictions, the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata occasion (BJP) has neither continuously engaged in anti-minority violence nor been forced via the centrifugal pressures of democracy to develop into a centrist celebration. relatively, the nationwide BJP has alternated among moderation and militancy. Hindu nationalist violence has been conjunctural, decided via kinfolk between its personal occasion, social flow association, and kingdom governments, and at the personality of competition states, events and pursuits. This learn accords specific significance to the position of social events in precipitating anti-minority violence. It demands a broader figuring out of social activities and a better appreciation in their dating to political parties.

Show description

Continue reading "Violent Conjunctures in Democratic India (Cambridge Studies by Amrita Basu"

Terrorism, Political Violence, and Extremism: New Psychology by Chris Stout

By Chris Stout

A must-read for psychologists—clinical and educational alike—as good as for political scientists, coverage analysts, and others operating within the realm of terrorism, political violence, and extremism, this ebook conscientiously explores the theories, observations, and ways of professionals within the box and addresses how and why terrorism has perpetuated for thus long.

• Addresses how numerous teams are laid low with terrorism, together with little ones, older adults, and, arguably extra correct than ever ahead of, refugees

• Tackles the puzzling query of why terrorism has remained one of these tricky challenge to overcome

• comprises contributions from Islamic subject material professional, student, and writer Dr. Sayed Ammar Nakshawani, indexed one of the 500 such a lot Influential Muslims

• Serves as acceptable studying for college students taking classes in matters starting from overseas psychology, army psychology and conception, political technology, and political concept to non secular stories, peace reports, army sciences, legislation enforcement, social paintings, feminist idea, public wellbeing and fitness, sociology, and anthropology

Show description

Continue reading "Terrorism, Political Violence, and Extremism: New Psychology by Chris Stout"

Violence and Psychopathy by Adrian Raine,José Sanmartin

By Adrian Raine,José Sanmartin

Adrian Raine division of Psychology. college of Southern California. united states Jose Sanmartin Queen Sojia heart for the examine of Violence. Valencia. Spain the issues that psychopathic and violent offenders create for society will not be constrained to North the US. as a substitute, those offenders create havoc through the international, together with Europe. In popularity of this truth, Queen Sophia of Spain has promoted a middle for the examine of Violence which acknowledges either organic and social contributions to the reason for violence. In November 1999, the Queen Sofia middle for the learn of Violence held its IV overseas assembly at the Biology and Sociology of Violence. This fourth assembly, which used to be below the Honorary Presidency of H. M. The Queen of Spain, tested the organic, mental and social elements of the psychopath, the violent criminal, and the serial killer. This ebook offers many of the key contributions made at that convention and which have been first released in Spanish in 2000 through Ariel Press. A key thrust of this e-book, and a stance shared via all of its participants, is the inspiration that violence and psychopathy easily can't be understood completely, or maybe essentially, when it comes to social and environmental forces and affects. Nor do organic elements supply an unique explanation.

Show description

Continue reading "Violence and Psychopathy by Adrian Raine,José Sanmartin"

Eigendynamische Bürgerkriege: Von der Persistenz und by Stefan Deißler

By Stefan Deißler

Auch im 21. Jahrhundert wird die Welt von lang anhaltenden Bürgerkriegen erschüttert - das aktuellste Beispiel ist der nicht enden wollende Bürgerkrieg in Syrien.

Bis zu Beginn der 1990er Jahre wurden diese innerstaatlichen Kriege zumeist als politisch motivierte Gewaltkonflikte oder Stellvertreterkriege angesehen. Danach setzen sich mit Ende des Kalten Krieges und unter dem Eindruck des Genozids in Ruanda sowie des Bosnienkrieges neue Erklärungsansätze durch, die die flächendeckende Gewalt primär auf Habgiermotive oder traditionelle ethnische Feindschaften zurückführen.

Gegen diese schablonenhaften Deutungsmuster entfaltet Stefan Deißler eine Perspektive, die der vielschichtigen Komplexität des Phänomens Bürgerkrieg näher kommt. Ohne die tragende Rolle der ethnischen, ökonomischen oder politischen sozialen Gruppen zu vernachlässigen, rückt der Autor die kriegführenden Organisationen selbst in den Fokus und unterzieht die Beziehungen zwischen Kombattanten und Zivilisten einer kritischen Betrachtung. Unter Rekurs auf den seit über 50 Jahren währenden Konflikt in Kolumbien und weitere Beispiele weist er nach, dass die selbst ernannten Repräsentanten unterschiedlicher Bevölkerungsgruppen oftmals mit brutaler Gewalt die Kooperation der »Repräsentierten« erzwingen und dass die Bedürfnisse und Interessen der Zivilbevölkerung während der Dauer derartiger Konflikte weitgehend unberücksichtigt bleiben.

Zugleich wird ersichtlich, welcher fatalen Logik das Kriegsgeschehen in vielen Fällen folgt: Zahlreiche innerstaatliche Kriege werden durch immanente Eigendynamiken angetrieben. Die Kriegsparteien nötigen sich wechselseitig zur Fortsetzung des Konflikts oder schaffen kollektiv einen strukturellen Zwang zur kontinuierlichen Wiederholung der Kriegshandlungen. Diese Dynamik zu durchbrechen, ist eine der großen Herausforderungen für die gegenwärtigen Friedensinitiativen.

Show description

Continue reading "Eigendynamische Bürgerkriege: Von der Persistenz und by Stefan Deißler"

Rape during Civil War by Dara Kay Cohen

By Dara Kay Cohen

Rape is usual in the course of wartime, yet even in the context of a similar battle, a few armed teams perpetrate rape on an incredible scale whereas others by no means do. In Rape in the course of Civil War Dara Kay Cohen examines version within the severity and perpetrators of rape utilizing an unique dataset of pronounced rape in the course of all significant civil wars from 1980 to 2012. Cohen additionally performed wide fieldwork, together with interviews with perpetrators of wartime rape, in 3 postconflict counties, discovering that rape was once common within the civil wars of the Sierra Leone and Timor-Leste yet was once a long way much less universal in the course of El Salvador's civil war.

Cohen argues that armed teams that recruit their combatants throughout the random abduction of strangers use rape—and specifically gang rape—to create bonds of loyalty and belief among infantrymen. The statistical facts confirms that armed teams that recruit utilizing abduction usually tend to perpetrate rape than are teams that use voluntary tools, even controlling for different confounding elements. vital findings from the fieldwork—across cases—include that rape, even if it happens on an immense scale, infrequently appears without delay ordered. in its place, former opponents describe engaging in rape as a violent socialization perform that served to chop ties with combatants’ previous lives and to sign their dedication to their new teams. effects from the ebook lay the basis for the systematic research of an understudied kind of civilian abuse. The booklet may also be priceless to policymakers and organisations trying to comprehend and to mitigate the horrors of wartime rape.

Show description

Continue reading "Rape during Civil War by Dara Kay Cohen"

More Moral than God: Taking Responsibility for Religious by Charlene P. E. Burns

By Charlene P. E. Burns

within the wake of the September 11 tragedy contemporary political and spiritual conflicts, awareness to non secular violence has elevated exponentially. even though violence within the identify of faith has been round for hundreds of years, there's expanding have to learn the roots of spiritual violence, with the desire of operating for peace. in additional ethical than God, Charlene Burns takes a special examine the mental motivations in the back of spiritual violence. Drawing from psychology, philosophy, and theology, Burns illuminates the interaction among our pictures of God, our person egos, and our collective selves, and brings to gentle the measure to which each and every people can and needs to take accountability for the spiritual panorama. as well as her personal viewpoint on non secular violence, Burns offers a quick heritage of non secular violence and addresses different attainable motivations, together with politics, economics, globalization, kin dynamics and more.

Show description

Continue reading "More Moral than God: Taking Responsibility for Religious by Charlene P. E. Burns"

Megacities: The Politics of Urban Exclusion and Violence in by Kees Koonings,Dirk Kruijt,Robert Gay,Professor Caroline

By Kees Koonings,Dirk Kruijt,Robert Gay,Professor Caroline Moser,Janice Perlman,Asef Bayat,Jo Beall,Mariano Aguirre,Owen Crankshaw,Susan Parnell

For the 1st time in historical past, nearly all of the world's inhabitants lives in towns, the results of a fast means of urbanization that all started within the moment half the 20th century. 'Megacities' all over the world are quickly turning into the scene for deprivation, specially within the international South, and the city excluded face the brunt of what in lots of situations sounds like low-intensity warfare.

Featuring case experiences from around the globe, together with Latin the USA, the center East and Africa, Megacities examines fresh world wide tendencies in poverty and social exclusion, city violence and politics, and hyperlinks those to the demanding situations confronted by means of policy-makers and practitioners.

Show description

Continue reading "Megacities: The Politics of Urban Exclusion and Violence in by Kees Koonings,Dirk Kruijt,Robert Gay,Professor Caroline"